2022 will be a big year for space exploration

1640270600 2022 will be a big year for space exploration

NASA, Europe Space Agency, and other agencies had to reorganize many of their missions while Covid-19 caused technical delays. In 2022, in the quest to get space exploration back on the way you will see a rover going to the Red Planet, a satellite launched to study Jupiter and its branches, and a telescope launched into space to find evidence of dark matter and dark energy. Meanwhile, back on Earth, four human volunteers spend 12 months living in a simulation of Mars.

Photo: ICON

Alpha Dune Mars

A 3D printed environment in which life on Mars is simulated will emerge from the Texan desert in 2022. Developed by architects Bjarke Ingels Group and advanced construction technology experts ICON in collaboration with NASA, it is intended as “preparation for human survival on Mars. “Four members of the team will live and work in the 158-square-meter station, facing a series of challenges such as equipment failure and environmental issues. The data collected will inform NASA's design for the real thing.

Photo: ESA / TAS-I

ExoMars Mission

The 2022 mission of the ExoMars program (delayed from 2022) sends the UK-assembled rover Rosalind Franklin and the Russian Kazachok surface platform to the Red Planet. The European Space Agency (ESA) will use a Proton rocket to launch the overlord and rover in late September 2022, arriving on Mars in June 2023, after a nine-month journey. ExoMars rover examines Martian surfaces looking for evidence of past lives, collects underground samples with a drill and deposits them in their Exploration Lab Drawer. His “Pasteur” instrumental series then examines the soil for biosignatures. ExoMars is the first Martian mission to combine the ability to move over the surface with studies of deep underground soils.

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Photo: ESA / SJM

JUICE

Shown here is the Jupiter Icy Moons Explorer (JUICE), which will be launched in 2022 as part of ESA's Cosmic Vision program. Its mission is to study three of Jupiter's moors - Ganymede, Callisto, and Europa - to better understand whether they are potential habitats for life. These three branches are thought to have melting water, but we will not know until JUICE enters Jupiter's orbit in 2031. In 2032 it will be the first spacecraft to orbit extra moon on Earth when it enters the Ganymede orbit.

Photo: ESA

Euclid

The Euclid infrared space telescope will help scientists gain a deeper knowledge of dark matter and dark energy by accurately measuring the shapes of galaxies at different distances from Earth. In doing so, it will help us to understand why global expansion seems to be accelerating and what may be causing it. Launching from Guiana Space Center in
Soyuz ST-B rocket in the second half of 2022, Euclid will fall into orbit at the L2 Lagrange Point, 1.5 million kilometers from Earth.


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