3 reasons why people are experimenting with the Russian spacecraft test
Place was just getting a lot worse - and more dangerous.
Russia has boosted momentum by firing down one of its satellites in a missile test on Monday. The movement has created huge amounts of orbital debris, endangered the safety of astronauts, and raised fears of an arms race in space.
The Russian Ministry of Defense has reduced the risks of the operation, but there are good reasons for concern. Here are three:
1. The ISS crew had to shelter in capsules
The missile blew away an information satellite and dispersed thousands of debris into orbit. The US said the "dangerous and reckless" experiment had endangered the crew aboard the International Space Station (ISS).
The seven astronauts - four Americans, a German, and two Russians - had to take shelter in docked spacecraft capsules and prepare for entry. NASA said crew members would stay there for about two hours. The station cproceed to pass through or near the debris cloud every 90 minutes.
US Secretary of State Antony Blinken has condemned the "careless" trial.
We condemn Russia's reckless testing of direct - on - satellite missiles against its own satellite, creating life - threatening space debris from astronauts, the integrity of the International Space Station, and the interests of all nations.
- Secretary Antony Blinken (@SecBlinken) November 15, 2022
NASA Administrator Bill Nelson said yes "Exhausted" by action:
Given its long and stormy history in the light of human space, it is unbelievable that Russia would endanger not only American and international astronauts on the ISS, but also their own cosmonauts. Their actions are reckless and dangerous, threatening in addition to the Chinese space station and the taikonauts on board.
2. It threatens human satellites and spacelights "for decades to come"
The test has created more than 1,500 pieces of detectable orbital debris, according to U.S. officials. It is expected to produce hundreds of thousands of smaller pieces.
The speed at which this debris travels through space means that even a small fragment can cause catastrophic damage. Russia's exercise increases long-term threats to astronauts and spacecraft.
The U.S. has also raised concerns about damage to satellites used in weather forecasts, GPS systems, telephones, and broadband internet.
"The long-term debris created by this dangerous and careless experiment will now threaten satellites and other space objects that are vital to the security, economic and scientific interests of all nations for decades to come." said Blinken.
NASA recently estimated that there are about 23,000 pieces of debris larger than a soft ball orbiting the Earth, with 100 million lumps spanning at least 1 mm. At a time when cleanups should be a priority for countries, Russia has deliberately created more.
3. There are fears that weapons are being replaced
The test has raised fears about an arms race in space. Anti-satellite weapons (ASAT) have never been used in war, but several countries have tested them in demonstrations of force. In addition to Russia, the USA, China and India have all used to successfully fire down satellites.
Russian politicians say the country is "against space militarism," but critics argue that the test confirms this claim.
"There is no public safety element ... This is not just a weapons test, a saber-rattling test," Harvard astronomer Jonathan McDowell told AFP. This should not be done. ”
The action has prompted U.S. politicians to call for more arms investment in space.
“Space it's already been a battleground, ”said Mike Rogers, Republican convener on the U.S. House of Representatives' armed services committee. "The Biden administration needs to support a rapid, space-focused defense upgrade."
- GOP Weapons Services (@HASCRepublicans) November 15, 2022
The test comes amid speculation that Russia may intend to invade Ukraine. The movement has frightened enemies on Earth into the cosmos.