Facebook's smart glasses could lead to privacy concerns in the style of Black Mirror

Facebooks smart glasses could lead to privacy concerns in the.jpgsignature208621d75f163ec97168d933232be728

The secrets of Facebook smart glasses are in the news again. The company has launched a worldwide project called Ego4D to explore new uses for smart glasses.

In September, Facebook unveiled their Ray-Ban Stories glasses, which feature two built-in cameras and three microphones. The glasses capture audio and video so that consumers can record their experiences and interactions.

The research project aims to add augmented reality features to smart glasses using artificial intelligence technologies that provide users with a wealth of information, including the ability to find answers to questions such as “Where did I leave? my keys? Facebook's vision also encompasses a future where the glasses know "who's saying when and who cares. ”

Several other technology companies such as Google, Microsoft, Snap, Vuzix, and Lenovo have also been testing out versions of enhanced or mixed reality glasses. Augmented reality glasses can display useful information inside the lenses, providing an electronically enhanced view of the world. For example, smart glasses could draw a line across the road to show you the next turn or let you see a restaurant's Yelp rating while looking at its sign.

However, some of the information that augmented reality glasses provide to their users may include identifying people in the field of view of the glasses and displaying personal information about them. It wasn’t too long ago that Google introduced Google Glass, just to address public backlash for just signing people up. Compared to being registered with smartphones in public, being registered with smart glasses feels that people are being more intrusive about privacy.

As a researcher who examines computer security and privacy, I believe it is important for technology companies to proceed with caution and consider the security and privacy risks of augmented reality.


    Smartphones vs smart glasses

    Even though people are used to taking pictures in public, they also expect the photographer to pick up their smartphone to take a picture. Augmented reality glasses fundamentally break or break this sense of normalcy. The public situation may be the same, but the scale and method of registration has changed.

    Such deviations from the norm have long been recognized by researchers as a breach of secrecy. My group's research has found that people in the vicinity of non - traditional cameras want a more visible sense of when their privacy is at risk because they find it difficult to tell if they are being recorded. .

    Without the usual physical movements to take a picture, people need better ways to tell if a camera or microphone is recording people. Facebook has already received a warning from the European Union that the LED featuring a pair of Ray-Ban Stories is recording too little.

    In the long run, however, people may become accustomed to smart glasses as the new norm. Our research found that while young adults are concerned about others recording their shameful moments on smartphones, they have switched to the presence of cameras.

    Nice glasses as a memory aid

    An important use of smart glasses is a memory aid. If you could record your entire day or “lifelog” from a first - person view, you could simply rewind or scroll through the video at will. You could review the video to see where you left off your keys, or you could play a replay version to retrieve a friend's movie recommendation.

    Our study surveyed volunteers who had life-saving cameras for several days. We found a number of privacy concerns - this time, for the camera user. Considering who, or what algorithms, can access the photographs, people may be concerned about the detailed image it makes of them.

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    Who you meet, what you eat, what you look for, and what your living room looks like without all guests booked. We found that people were particularly concerned about the places being recorded, as well as their computer and telephone screens, which were a big part of their life history.

    The popular media already has an idea of ​​what could go wrong with such a memory aid. The Black Mirror TV series 'The Entire History of You' shows how even the most casual arguments can make people dig through menus for evidence of who said exactly what and when. In such a world, it's hard to just move on. It's a lesson in the importance of forgetting.

    Psychologists have stressed the importance of forgetting as a natural human treatment to pass on difficult experiences. AI algorithms may be put to good use identifying digital memories for erasure. For example, our research has designed AI - based algorithms to detect sensitive areas such as bathrooms and computer and telephone screens, which were high on the list of concerns in our lifecycle study. Once discovered, a film can be selectively removed from a person's digital memories.

    X-ray specifications of the digital?

    However, smart glasses have the potential to do more than just record video. It's important to prepare for access to a world in which smart glasses use facial recognition, analyze people's expressions, look up and display personal information, and even record and analyze conversations. These applications raise important privacy and security issues.

    We studied the use of smart glasses by visually impaired people. We found that these users were concerned about the error of artificial intelligence algorithms and their ability to misrepresent others.

    Even if he was right, they felt that it was not appropriate to determine someone 's weight or age. They also questioned whether it was ethical for such algorithms to measure someone's gender or race. Researchers have also debated whether AI should be used to detect emotions, which may express people from different cultures in different ways.

    Contributes to Facebook's vision for the future

    I have only scratched the surface of the privacy and security issues for enhanced reality glasses. As Facebook moves forward with augmented reality, I believe it is vital that the company addresses these concerns.

    I am encouraged by the high list of privacy and security researchers that Facebook collaborates with to ensure that their technology deserves public trust, especially with its history. company recently.

    But I can only hope that Facebook will follow carefully and make sure that their outlook on the future takes into account the concerns of these people and other privacy and security researchers.

    This article has been updated to clarify that future Facebook augmented reality glasses will not necessarily be in Ray-Ban Stories' product line and, while the company's goals include identifying people, Ego4D search data has not been collection using face recognition technology.

    Article by Apu Kapadia, Professor of Computer Science, Indiana University

    This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.

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